This page contains the sound files of the Pijanowski et al. (2011) BioScience article titled "Soundscape Ecology: The Science of Sound in the Landscape."

Index of Sound files.

Sound file 2. A recording of Turdus merula (European Robin) taken in the Mediterranean Maqui (a scrubland habitat), Italy. Note that the song is produced at the following frequencies (in Hz): 1900-2571, 2112-2327, 2327-2633.

How to use the sound tool.

Human-Environment Modeling and Analysis (HEMA) Laboratory
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources